The current paper summarizes the results of ecological-geographic and landscapegeomorphological fi studies. It features an analysis of climatology, geology, soil science and hydrology data, as well as the main diagnostic indicators of chestnut soils, including the assessment of the relevant soil-climatic and current geoecological conditions. The soil-forming rocks and continental deposits of the territory in question are mainly represented by NeogeneQuaternary lime stones, sandstones, conglomerates and alluvial-proluvial and deluvial varieties. The increasing anthropogenic impact on the local nature creates a real danger of a serious disturbance of the ecological situation, partially expressed in the degradation of the topsoil, the transformation of the natural landscape, and the increasing mutilation of the relief. In this regard, to solve the problem is one of the most important tasks of the economic and social policy of the world community. It requires detailed ecological and geomorphological studies, as well as detection of diagnostic indicators. The soil analysis performed has established the following quantitative and qualitative indicators: hygroscopic and natural moisture, carbon dioxide, alkalinity, humus, carbonate content, absorbed chemical elements.
gumus, granulometricheskiy sostav, karbonatnost', emkost' pogloscheniya, humus, granulometric composition, calcareous, absorbing capacity