Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The research identified and described the correlation between the nervous system and the cognitive profile in foreign university students. The quantitative properties of cognitive functions included short-term memory, concentration, and combinatorial thinking. The indicators and their neurodynamic features were subjected to an integrated cognitive approach. The neurodynamic indicators included the rate of simple visual-motor reaction, functional mobility of nervous processes, equilibrium of the nervous system in response to a moving object, and nervous system stability in terms of brain performance. Unlike the Russian control group, the foreign students demonstrated a slow inhibition – excitation cycle and a poor visual memory for numbers and words. The control group had a stronger nervous system with a higher degree of activation. In the test group, the cognitive functions depended on the expression degree of nervous processes. Students with a weaker nervous system demonstrated a lower level of simple and complex visual-motor reaction and functional mobility of nervous processes: they made more errors in the test tasks. Those with a stabler nervous system showed better combinatorial thinking abilities and concentration. The indicators of mechanical and semantic memory did not correlate with the nervous system stability.

cognitive functions, transversal cognitive processes, working capacity, nervous system characteristics, neurodynamic characteristics
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